back

back back noun ›› PART OF BODY 身体部位 1. the part of the human body that is on the opposite side to the chest, between the neck and the tops of the legs; the part of an animalˈs body that corresponds to this • (人体或动物的)背部,背;腰背:
»Do you sleep on your back or your front?
你睡觉是仰着还是躺着?
»He stood with his back to the door.
他背对着门站着。
»They had their hands tied behind their backs.
他们双手被反剪起来。
»back pain
背痛
»a back massage
背部按摩
»A small boy rode on the elephantˈs back.
一个小男孩骑在大象背上。
--› see also bareback , horseback 2. the row of bones in the middle of the back • 脊柱;脊梁骨 【SYN】 backbone , spine :
»She broke her back in a riding accident.
她在一次骑马事故中摔断了脊梁骨。
»He put his back out (= dislocated sth in his back) lifting the crates.
他搬大木箱时脊椎脱了臼。
›› PART FURTHEST FROM FRONT 后部 3. [usually sing.] back (of sth) the part or area of sth that is furthest from the front • 后部;后面;末尾:
»We could only get seats at the back (= of the room).
我们只能找到后排的座位。
»I found some old photos at the back of the drawer.
我从抽屉尽里头找到一些旧照片。
»He was shot in the back of the knee.
他被子弹击中了膕窝。
»The house has three bedrooms at the front and two at the back.
房屋正面有三间卧室,后面两间。
»(BrE) Thereˈs room for three people in the back.
后排有可容三人的空位。
»(NAmE) Thereˈs room for three people in back.
后排有可容三人的空位。
»(BrE) If youˈd like to come round the back (= to the area behind the house), Iˈll show you the garden.
请到屋子后面看看花园。
--› see also hardback , paperback , short back and sides ›› OF PIECE OF PAPER 纸张 4. [usually sing.] back (of sth) the part of a piece of paper, etc. that is on the opposite side to the one that has information or the most important information on it • (文件等的)背面:
»Write your name on the back of the cheque.
把你的名字写在支票背面。
›› OF BOOK 书刊 5. [usually sing.] back (of sth) the last few pages of a book, etc. • (书等的)最后几页,末尾:
»The television guide is at the back of the paper.
电视节目指南在报纸的末尾。
›› OF CHAIR 椅子 6. the part of a chair, etc. against which you lean your back • (椅子等的)靠背 ›› -BACKED 靠背… 7. (in adjectives 构成形容词) used to describe furniture which has the type of back mentioned • (家具)…靠背的:
»a high-backed sofa
高靠背沙发
›› IN SPORT 体育运动 8. (in sports 体育运动) a player whose main role is to defend their teamˈs goal • 后衞 --› compare forward n.
--› see also fullback , halfback 【IDIOMS】 at / in the back of your mind • if a thought, etc. is at the back of your mind, you are aware of it but it is not what you are mainly thinking about • 在潜意识里;依稀记得 the ˌback of beˈyond •(informal) a place that is a long way from other houses, towns, etc. • 偏僻地方;边远地区 ˌback to ˈback 1. if two people stand back to back, they stand with their backs facing or touching each other • 背靠背;背对背 --› see also back-to-back 2. if two or more things happen back to back, they happen one after the other • 接连地;接二连三 ˌback to ˈfront (BrE) (NAmE back∙wards) • if you put on a piece of clothing back to front, you make a mistake and put the back where the front should be • (衣服)前后颠倒(或穿反):
»I think youˈve got that sweater on back to front.
我觉得你把毛衣前后穿反了。
--› compare inside out at inside n. be glad, etc. to see the back of sb / sth •(informal, especially BrE) to be happy that you will not have to deal with or see sb / sth again because you do not like them or it • 庆幸终于摆脱(不喜欢的人或事物):
»Was I pleased to see the back of her!
真高兴不会再见到她了!
behind sbˈs ˈback • without sbˈs knowledge or permission • 背着某人;背地里;私下:
»Have you been talking about me behind my back?
你们是不是在背后说我的闲话?
»They went ahead and sold it behind my back.
他们迳自背着我把它卖了。
--› compare to sbˈs face at face n. be on sbˈs ˈback •(informal) to keep asking or telling sb to do sth that they do not want to do, in a way that they find annoying • 缠磨;烦扰 break the ˈback of sth • to finish the largest or most important part of a task • 完成(任务等)的主要部份 get / put sbˈs ˈback up •(informal) to annoy sb • 惹恼:
»That sort of attitude really gets my back up!
那种态度实在叫我恼火!
get off sbˈs ˈback •(informal) to stop annoying sb, for example by criticizing them, or asking them to do sth • 不再烦扰某人(如停止批评或缠磨等):
»Just get off my back, will you!
请别烦我了好吗!
have your ˌback to the ˈwall •(informal) to be in a difficult situation in which you are forced to do sth but are unable to make the choices that you would like • 处于背水一战的境地;没有退路 off the ˌback of a ˈlorry (BrE, informal, humorous) • goods that fell off the back of a lorry were probably stolen. People say or accept that they came ˈoff the back of a lorryˈ to avoid saying or asking where they really came from. • (指货物等)来路不明 on the back of sth • as a result of an achievement or a success • 由于(某项成就):
»The profits growth came on the back of a 26 per cent rise in sales.
利润增长来自百分之二十六的销售额增长。
(flat) on your back •(informal) in bed because you are ill / sick • 因病卧牀;卧病:
»Sheˈs been flat on her back for over a week now.
她卧病有一个多星期了。
»(figurative) The UK market was flat on its back (= business was very bad).
(当时)英国的市场十分不景气。
put your ˈback into sth • to use a lot of effort and energy on a particular task • 全力以赴 turn your back • to turn so that you are facing in the opposite direction • 扭头;转身 turn your back on sb / sth 1. to move so that you are standing or sitting with your back facing sb / sth • 转身背对某人(或某物):
»When on stage, try not to turn your back on the audience.
在舞台上尽量不要背对观众。
2. to reject sb / sth that you have previously been connected with • 背弃;抛弃:
»She turned her back on them when they needed her.
他们需要她的时候,她却背弃了他们。
--› more at cover v., eye n., know v., pat n., pat v., push v., rod , scratch v., shirt , stab n., stab v., straw , water n. adj. [only before noun] ›› AWAY FROM FRONT 在后 1. located behind or at the back of sth • 背后的;后面的;后部的:
»We were sitting in the back row.
我们坐在后排。
»back teeth
臼齿
»a back room (= one at the back of a building)
后室(位于建筑物后部)
»the back page of a newspaper
报纸最末一页
--› compare front adj. (1) ›› FROM PAST 过去 2. of or from a past time • 过去的;旧时的:
»a back number of the magazine
一份过期杂志
›› OWED 拖欠 3. owed for a time in the past • 到期未付的;拖欠的:
»back pay / taxes / rent
欠薪/税 / 租金
›› PHONETICS 语音 4. (phonetics 语音) (of a vowel 元音) produced with the back of the tongue in a higher position than the front, for example / B: / in English
--› compare central (5), front adj. (2) • 舌后的,后位性(舌高点位于口腔后部发音) on the back ˈburner •(informal) (of an idea, a plan, etc. 把主意、计划等) left for the present time, to be done or considered later • 暂时搁置 --› see also back-burner --› compare on the front burner at front adj. adv. 【HELP】For the special uses of back in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example pay sb back is in the phrasal verb section at pay. • * back 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 pay sb back 在词条 pay 的短语动词部份。 ›› AWAY FROM FRONT 后面 1. away from the front or centre; behind you • 向后;在后;在背面:
»I stepped back to let them pass.
我退后一步给他们让路。
»Sit back and relax.
靠椅背坐好,放松放松。
»Youˈve combed your hair back.
你把头发往后梳了。
»He turned and looked back.
他转身向后望。
»She fell back towards the end of the race.
赛跑快结束时她落后了。
【OPP】 forward ›› AT A DISTANCE 距离 2. at a distance away from sth • 与(某物)有距离:
»The barriers kept the crowd back.
障碍物拦住了人群。
»Stand back and give me some room.
站远点儿,给我腾出些地方。
›› UNDER CONTROL 受控制 3. under control; prevented from being expressed or coming out • 控制住;忍住:
»He could no longer hold back his tears.
他再也无法控制住眼泪。
›› AS BEFORE 像先前 4. to or into the place, condition, situation or activity where sb / sth was before • 回原处;恢复原状:
»Put the book back on the shelf.
把书放回书架上。
»Please give me my ball back.
请把我的球还给我。
»Heˈll be back on Monday.
他星期一会回来。
»It takes me an hour to walk there and back.
我步行往返要花一个小时。
»Could you go back to the beginning of the story?
你能不能回到故事的开头?
»She woke up briefly and then went back to sleep.
她醒了片刻又睡了。
»We were right back where we started, only this time without any money.
我们回到了起点,只是这次一点钱也没有。
›› IN PAST 过去 5. in or into the past; ago • 以前:
»The village has a history going back to the Middle Ages.
这个村子的历史可追溯至中世纪。
»She left back in November.
她十一月份已经离开了。
»That was a few years back.
那是几年以前的事。
›› AT A PREVIOUS PLACE 在原处 6. at a place previously left or mentioned • 在曾去过(或提到过)的地方;在前面:
»We should have turned left five kilometres back.
我们在五公里之前就该左拐的。
»Back at home, her parents were worried.
在家中,她的父母很担心。
»I canˈt wait to get back home.
我急不可待想赶回家。
›› IN RETURN 回应 7. in return or reply • 回报;回答:
»If he kicks me, Iˈll kick him back.
他要是踢我,我就踢他。
»Could you call back later, please?
请稍后再打电话来好吗?
ˌback and ˈforth • from one place to another and back again repeatedly • 反复来回:
»ferries sailing back and forth between the islands
往返于岛屿之间的渡船
ˌback in the ˈday • in the past • 过去;从前;旧时:
»My dadˈs always talking about how great everything was back in the day.
我爸爸总是讲过去的一切如何如何的好。
ˌback in the ˈdays • at a particular time in the past • 在过去的某个时候:
»I was a fan back in the days when the band wasnˈt yet famous.
在这个乐队还没出名的时候,我就是他们的歌迷。
back of sth (NAmE, informal) • behind sth • 在某物的背后(或背面):
»the houses back of the church
位于教堂后面的房屋
--› more at earth n. verb ›› MOVE BACKWARDS 后退 1. [+adv. / prep.] to move or make sth move backwards • (使)后退,倒退: ▪ [V]
»He backed against the wall, terrified.
他退到墙边,惊恐万分。
▪ [VN]
»If you canˈt drive in forwards, try backing it in.
若不能开车正面驶入,不妨倒车进去。
--› compare reverse v. (6) ›› SUPPORT 支持 2. [VN] to give help or support to sb / sth • 帮助;支持:
»Her parents backed her in her choice of career.
她父母支持她的职业选择。
»Doctors have backed plans to raise the tax on cigarettes.
医生们对提高烟草税计划给予了支持。
»The programme of economic reform is backed (= given financial support) by foreign aid.
经济改革计划得到外资援助。
»a United Nations-backed peace plan
得到联合国支持的和平计划
›› BET MONEY 下赌注 3. [VN] to bet money on a horse in a race, a team in a competition, etc. • 下赌注于(赛马、参赛队伍等):
»I backed the winner and won fifty pounds.
我押对了赌注,赢了五十英镑。
›› MUSIC 音乐 4. [VN] to play or sing music that supports the main singer or instrument • 伴奏;伴唱 --› see also backing (3) ›› COVER BACK 覆盖背面 5. [VN] back sth (with sth) [usually passive] to cover the back of sth in order to support or protect it • (用某物)在…背后加固,给…加背衬 ›› BE BEHIND 在后面 6. [VN] [usually passive] (BrE) to be located behind sth • 位于(某物)的后面;在…后面:
»The house is backed by fields.
房子的后面是田野。
ˌback the wrong ˈhorse (BrE) • to support sb / sth that is not successful • 下错赌注(支持了失败的一方或事情) 【PHR V】 ˌback aˈway (from sb / sth) • to move away backwards from sb / sth that is frightening or unpleasant; to avoid doing sth that is unpleasant • 躲避(可怕或讨厌的人或事物);避免(做讨厌的事);退避 ˌback ˈdown (on / from sth) (NAmE also ˌback ˈoff) • to take back a demand, an opinion, etc. that other people are strongly opposed to; to admit defeat • 放弃(别人强烈反对的要求、主张等);认输:
»She refused to back down on a point of principle.
她在一个原则问题上拒绝让步。
ˌback ˈoff 1. to move backwards in order to get away from sb / sth frightening or unpleasant • 退缩,退却(以躲避可怕或讨厌的人或事物):
»As the riot police approached the crowd backed off.
防暴警察靠近,人群就往后退却。
2. to stop threatening, criticizing or annoying sb • 停止威胁(或批评、骚扰):
»Back off! Thereˈs no need to yell at me.
走开点!没必要对我大喊大叫。
»The press have agreed to back off and leave the couple alone.
新闻界同意退让,不再搅扰这对夫妇。
ˌback ˈoff (from sth) • to choose not to take action, in order to avoid a difficult situation • 放弃(采取行动);退让:
»The government backed off from a confrontation.
政府放弃对抗。
ˌback ˈonto sth (BrE) (of a building 建筑物) • to have sth directly behind it • 背向;背靠:
»Our house backs onto the river.
我们的房子背向河流。
ˌback ˈout (of sth) • to decide that you are no longer going to take part in sth that has been agreed • 退出;撒手:
»He lost confidence and backed out of the deal at the last minute.
他失去了信心,在最后一刻退出了协议。
ˌback ˈup | ˌback sth∽ˈup • to move backwards, especially in a vehicle • 后退;倒(车):
»You can back up another two feet or so.
你可以再退两英尺左右。
»I backed the car up to the door.
我把车倒到门前。
ˌback sb / sth∽ˈup 1. to support sb / sth; to say that what sb says, etc. is true • 支持;证实(某人所言):
»Iˈll back you up if they donˈt believe you.
如果他们不相信你,我会为你作证。
»The writer doesnˈt back up his opinions with examples.
作者不用实例印证他的看法。
2. to provide support for sb / sth • 支持;支援:
»two doctors backed up by a team of nurses
由一组护士辅助的两名医生
»The rebels backed up their demands with threats.
反叛者以恐吓手段要挟。
--› related noun backup (1) ˌback sth∽ˈup (computing 计) • to prepare a second copy of a file, program, etc. that can be used if the main one fails or needs extra support • 给(文件、程序等)做备份;备份 --› related noun backup (2)
* * *
[bæk]
adj. 後面的, 在後面, 早過去的, 前(欠)的錢
adv. 向後地
n. 背部, 後面
v. 後退, 支持

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • back — back …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • back — back1 [bak] n. [ME bak < OE baec; akin to ON bak, OHG bahho] 1. the part of the body opposite to the front; in humans and many other animals, the part to the rear or top reaching from the nape of the neck to the end of the spine 2. the… …   English World dictionary

  • back — ► NOUN 1) the rear surface of the human body from the shoulders to the hips. 2) the corresponding upper surface of an animal s body. 3) the side or part of something away from the viewer. 4) the side or part of an object that is not normally seen …   English terms dictionary

  • Back — (b[a^]k), n. [AS. b[ae]c, bac; akin to Icel., Sw., & LG. bak, Dan. bag; cf. OHG. bahho ham, Skr. bhaj to turn, OSlav. b[=e]g[u^] flight. Cf. {Bacon}.] 1. In human beings, the hinder part of the body, extending from the neck to the end of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Back — (b[a^]k), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Backed} (b[a^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Backing}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To get upon the back of; to mount. [1913 Webster] I will back him [a horse] straight. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To place or seat upon the back. [R.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Back — eines kleineren Schiffes Back eines Massengutfrachters Back ist ein s …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Back — Back, a. 1. Being at the back or in the rear; distant; remote; as, the back door; back settlements. [1913 Webster] 2. Being in arrear; overdue; as, back rent. [1913 Webster] 3. Moving or operating backward; as, back action. [1913 Webster] {Back… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Back — Back, adv. [Shortened from aback.] 1. In, to, or toward, the rear; as, to stand back; to step back. [1913 Webster] 2. To the place from which one came; to the place or person from which something is taken or derived; as, to go back for something… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • back — [bæk] verb [transitive] 1. to support someone or something, especially by giving money or using your influence: • The board backed Mr Standley, who plans to cut costs. • Shareholders have backed a plan to build a second plant. 2. FINANCE if …   Financial and business terms

  • Back on My B. S. — Back on My B.S. Studioalbum von Busta Rhymes Veröffentlichung 2009 Label Flipmode Records / Universal Motown Form …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Back-up — auch: Back|up 〈[bæ̣kʌp] n. 15 oder m. 6; EDV〉 Sicherungskopie von Computerdateien auf einem zweiten Speichermedium (neben der Festplatte) od. in komprimierter Form [<engl. backup „Rückendeckung, Unterstützung; Sicherheitskopie“] * * * Back up …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.