back back noun ›› PART OF BODY 身体部位 1. the part of the human body that is on the opposite side to the chest, between the neck and the tops of the legs; the part of an animalˈs body that corresponds to this • (人体或动物的)背部,背;腰背:
»Do you sleep on your back or your front?
»He stood with his back to the door.
»They had their hands tied behind their backs.
»back pain
»a back massage
»A small boy rode on the elephantˈs back.
--› see also bareback , horseback 2. the row of bones in the middle of the back • 脊柱;脊梁骨 【SYN】 backbone , spine :
»She broke her back in a riding accident.
»He put his back out (= dislocated sth in his back) lifting the crates.
›› PART FURTHEST FROM FRONT 后部 3. [usually sing.] back (of sth) the part or area of sth that is furthest from the front • 后部;后面;末尾:
»We could only get seats at the back (= of the room).
»I found some old photos at the back of the drawer.
»He was shot in the back of the knee.
»The house has three bedrooms at the front and two at the back.
»(BrE) Thereˈs room for three people in the back.
»(NAmE) Thereˈs room for three people in back.
»(BrE) If youˈd like to come round the back (= to the area behind the house), Iˈll show you the garden.
--› see also hardback , paperback , short back and sides ›› OF PIECE OF PAPER 纸张 4. [usually sing.] back (of sth) the part of a piece of paper, etc. that is on the opposite side to the one that has information or the most important information on it • (文件等的)背面:
»Write your name on the back of the cheque.
›› OF BOOK 书刊 5. [usually sing.] back (of sth) the last few pages of a book, etc. • (书等的)最后几页,末尾:
»The television guide is at the back of the paper.
›› OF CHAIR 椅子 6. the part of a chair, etc. against which you lean your back • (椅子等的)靠背 ›› -BACKED 靠背… 7. (in adjectives 构成形容词) used to describe furniture which has the type of back mentioned • (家具)…靠背的:
»a high-backed sofa
›› IN SPORT 体育运动 8. (in sports 体育运动) a player whose main role is to defend their teamˈs goal • 后衞 --› compare forward n.
--› see also fullback , halfback 【IDIOMS】 at / in the back of your mind • if a thought, etc. is at the back of your mind, you are aware of it but it is not what you are mainly thinking about • 在潜意识里;依稀记得 the ˌback of beˈyond •(informal) a place that is a long way from other houses, towns, etc. • 偏僻地方;边远地区 ˌback to ˈback 1. if two people stand back to back, they stand with their backs facing or touching each other • 背靠背;背对背 --› see also back-to-back 2. if two or more things happen back to back, they happen one after the other • 接连地;接二连三 ˌback to ˈfront (BrE) (NAmE back∙wards) • if you put on a piece of clothing back to front, you make a mistake and put the back where the front should be • (衣服)前后颠倒(或穿反):
»I think youˈve got that sweater on back to front.
--› compare inside out at inside n. be glad, etc. to see the back of sb / sth •(informal, especially BrE) to be happy that you will not have to deal with or see sb / sth again because you do not like them or it • 庆幸终于摆脱(不喜欢的人或事物):
»Was I pleased to see the back of her!
behind sbˈs ˈback • without sbˈs knowledge or permission • 背着某人;背地里;私下:
»Have you been talking about me behind my back?
»They went ahead and sold it behind my back.
--› compare to sbˈs face at face n. be on sbˈs ˈback •(informal) to keep asking or telling sb to do sth that they do not want to do, in a way that they find annoying • 缠磨;烦扰 break the ˈback of sth • to finish the largest or most important part of a task • 完成(任务等)的主要部份 get / put sbˈs ˈback up •(informal) to annoy sb • 惹恼:
»That sort of attitude really gets my back up!
get off sbˈs ˈback •(informal) to stop annoying sb, for example by criticizing them, or asking them to do sth • 不再烦扰某人(如停止批评或缠磨等):
»Just get off my back, will you!
have your ˌback to the ˈwall •(informal) to be in a difficult situation in which you are forced to do sth but are unable to make the choices that you would like • 处于背水一战的境地;没有退路 off the ˌback of a ˈlorry (BrE, informal, humorous) • goods that fell off the back of a lorry were probably stolen. People say or accept that they came ˈoff the back of a lorryˈ to avoid saying or asking where they really came from. • (指货物等)来路不明 on the back of sth • as a result of an achievement or a success • 由于(某项成就):
»The profits growth came on the back of a 26 per cent rise in sales.
(flat) on your back •(informal) in bed because you are ill / sick • 因病卧牀;卧病:
»Sheˈs been flat on her back for over a week now.
»(figurative) The UK market was flat on its back (= business was very bad).
put your ˈback into sth • to use a lot of effort and energy on a particular task • 全力以赴 turn your back • to turn so that you are facing in the opposite direction • 扭头;转身 turn your back on sb / sth 1. to move so that you are standing or sitting with your back facing sb / sth • 转身背对某人(或某物):
»When on stage, try not to turn your back on the audience.
2. to reject sb / sth that you have previously been connected with • 背弃;抛弃:
»She turned her back on them when they needed her.
--› more at cover v., eye n., know v., pat n., pat v., push v., rod , scratch v., shirt , stab n., stab v., straw , water n. adj. [only before noun] ›› AWAY FROM FRONT 在后 1. located behind or at the back of sth • 背后的;后面的;后部的:
»We were sitting in the back row.
»back teeth
»a back room (= one at the back of a building)
»the back page of a newspaper
--› compare front adj. (1) ›› FROM PAST 过去 2. of or from a past time • 过去的;旧时的:
»a back number of the magazine
›› OWED 拖欠 3. owed for a time in the past • 到期未付的;拖欠的:
»back pay / taxes / rent
欠薪/税 / 租金
›› PHONETICS 语音 4. (phonetics 语音) (of a vowel 元音) produced with the back of the tongue in a higher position than the front, for example / B: / in English
--› compare central (5), front adj. (2) • 舌后的,后位性(舌高点位于口腔后部发音) on the back ˈburner •(informal) (of an idea, a plan, etc. 把主意、计划等) left for the present time, to be done or considered later • 暂时搁置 --› see also back-burner --› compare on the front burner at front adj. adv. 【HELP】For the special uses of back in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example pay sb back is in the phrasal verb section at pay. • * back 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 pay sb back 在词条 pay 的短语动词部份。 ›› AWAY FROM FRONT 后面 1. away from the front or centre; behind you • 向后;在后;在背面:
»I stepped back to let them pass.
»Sit back and relax.
»Youˈve combed your hair back.
»He turned and looked back.
»She fell back towards the end of the race.
【OPP】 forward ›› AT A DISTANCE 距离 2. at a distance away from sth • 与(某物)有距离:
»The barriers kept the crowd back.
»Stand back and give me some room.
›› UNDER CONTROL 受控制 3. under control; prevented from being expressed or coming out • 控制住;忍住:
»He could no longer hold back his tears.
›› AS BEFORE 像先前 4. to or into the place, condition, situation or activity where sb / sth was before • 回原处;恢复原状:
»Put the book back on the shelf.
»Please give me my ball back.
»Heˈll be back on Monday.
»It takes me an hour to walk there and back.
»Could you go back to the beginning of the story?
»She woke up briefly and then went back to sleep.
»We were right back where we started, only this time without any money.
›› IN PAST 过去 5. in or into the past; ago • 以前:
»The village has a history going back to the Middle Ages.
»She left back in November.
»That was a few years back.
›› AT A PREVIOUS PLACE 在原处 6. at a place previously left or mentioned • 在曾去过(或提到过)的地方;在前面:
»We should have turned left five kilometres back.
»Back at home, her parents were worried.
»I canˈt wait to get back home.
›› IN RETURN 回应 7. in return or reply • 回报;回答:
»If he kicks me, Iˈll kick him back.
»Could you call back later, please?
ˌback and ˈforth • from one place to another and back again repeatedly • 反复来回:
»ferries sailing back and forth between the islands
ˌback in the ˈday • in the past • 过去;从前;旧时:
»My dadˈs always talking about how great everything was back in the day.
ˌback in the ˈdays • at a particular time in the past • 在过去的某个时候:
»I was a fan back in the days when the band wasnˈt yet famous.
back of sth (NAmE, informal) • behind sth • 在某物的背后(或背面):
»the houses back of the church
--› more at earth n. verb ›› MOVE BACKWARDS 后退 1. [+adv. / prep.] to move or make sth move backwards • (使)后退,倒退: ▪ [V]
»He backed against the wall, terrified.
▪ [VN]
»If you canˈt drive in forwards, try backing it in.
--› compare reverse v. (6) ›› SUPPORT 支持 2. [VN] to give help or support to sb / sth • 帮助;支持:
»Her parents backed her in her choice of career.
»Doctors have backed plans to raise the tax on cigarettes.
»The programme of economic reform is backed (= given financial support) by foreign aid.
»a United Nations-backed peace plan
›› BET MONEY 下赌注 3. [VN] to bet money on a horse in a race, a team in a competition, etc. • 下赌注于(赛马、参赛队伍等):
»I backed the winner and won fifty pounds.
›› MUSIC 音乐 4. [VN] to play or sing music that supports the main singer or instrument • 伴奏;伴唱 --› see also backing (3) ›› COVER BACK 覆盖背面 5. [VN] back sth (with sth) [usually passive] to cover the back of sth in order to support or protect it • (用某物)在…背后加固,给…加背衬 ›› BE BEHIND 在后面 6. [VN] [usually passive] (BrE) to be located behind sth • 位于(某物)的后面;在…后面:
»The house is backed by fields.
ˌback the wrong ˈhorse (BrE) • to support sb / sth that is not successful • 下错赌注(支持了失败的一方或事情) 【PHR V】 ˌback aˈway (from sb / sth) • to move away backwards from sb / sth that is frightening or unpleasant; to avoid doing sth that is unpleasant • 躲避(可怕或讨厌的人或事物);避免(做讨厌的事);退避 ˌback ˈdown (on / from sth) (NAmE also ˌback ˈoff) • to take back a demand, an opinion, etc. that other people are strongly opposed to; to admit defeat • 放弃(别人强烈反对的要求、主张等);认输:
»She refused to back down on a point of principle.
ˌback ˈoff 1. to move backwards in order to get away from sb / sth frightening or unpleasant • 退缩,退却(以躲避可怕或讨厌的人或事物):
»As the riot police approached the crowd backed off.
2. to stop threatening, criticizing or annoying sb • 停止威胁(或批评、骚扰):
»Back off! Thereˈs no need to yell at me.
»The press have agreed to back off and leave the couple alone.
ˌback ˈoff (from sth) • to choose not to take action, in order to avoid a difficult situation • 放弃(采取行动);退让:
»The government backed off from a confrontation.
ˌback ˈonto sth (BrE) (of a building 建筑物) • to have sth directly behind it • 背向;背靠:
»Our house backs onto the river.
ˌback ˈout (of sth) • to decide that you are no longer going to take part in sth that has been agreed • 退出;撒手:
»He lost confidence and backed out of the deal at the last minute.
ˌback ˈup | ˌback sth∽ˈup • to move backwards, especially in a vehicle • 后退;倒(车):
»You can back up another two feet or so.
»I backed the car up to the door.
ˌback sb / sth∽ˈup 1. to support sb / sth; to say that what sb says, etc. is true • 支持;证实(某人所言):
»Iˈll back you up if they donˈt believe you.
»The writer doesnˈt back up his opinions with examples.
2. to provide support for sb / sth • 支持;支援:
»two doctors backed up by a team of nurses
»The rebels backed up their demands with threats.
--› related noun backup (1) ˌback sth∽ˈup (computing 计) • to prepare a second copy of a file, program, etc. that can be used if the main one fails or needs extra support • 给(文件、程序等)做备份;备份 --› related noun backup (2)
* * *
adj. 後面的, 在後面, 早過去的, 前(欠)的錢
adv. 向後地
n. 背部, 後面
v. 後退, 支持

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.


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